COUNTRY PROFILE : NEPAL

Nepal is no longer the ideal land of trek, a land of adventure and a place of culture and trade, such as the Kathmandu valley, the variety of its ethnic groups and languages, a geographical kaleidoscope that extends from the Kipling jungle to the highest peaks in the world. Everyone can find an adventure, a trek or a cultural trip to his measure.

To see and do: Culture, Adventure, Trek

- The cultural richness of the Kathmandu valley of which 7 sites are inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List. Hundreds of temples, the Bodnath Stupa, the imperial cities Patan and   Baktapur, the Durbar Square of Kathmandu, etc. Hinduism and Buddhism. - From the Kipling jungle to the highest Himalayan passes, an incomparable range of hikes and treks in the   Everest, Annapurna or Langthang ranges as well as the Dolpo or the Mustang trek that can be combined with a summit of trekking - between 6000 and 6500 m or a real expedition to   climb 8 8000 Nepali.
- With the establishment of the Great Himalayan Trail which crosses the country from East to West, a whole new range of destinations has opened to hiking to leave the major tourist   routes such as the trek of Ilam in the land of tea or the Ganesh Himal for example.
- Nepal is also adventure in all its forms: bungee jumping, paragliding, zip line, mountain biking in Mustang, discovery of the jungle elephant, rafting on the highest rivers in the world,   Ornithological or meditative trips, or any other idea to invent together ...

TO KNOW
- Population: 30 430 267 inhabitants
- Area: 147,181 km²
- Density: 206.7 hab / km²
- Capital: Kathmandu
- Political system: Republic
- Religions: Hinduism, Buddhism
- Ethnic group (s): Chhettri, Brahman, Tamang, Newar, Gurung, Sherpa, ...
- Language (s): Nepal (official)
- Currency: Nepalese Rupees
- Independence: 1923
- National Day: December 28 (birthday of King Birendra)
- Total GDP ($ million): 19,921
- GDP per capita: $ 743
- HDI: 0.548
- Life expectancy at birth: 67 years
- Climate: Subtropical in the South; Continental between 1000 and 4000m; Montagnard in the North.
- Highest Point: 8,848 m Everest
- Independence: has always been independent since unification in 1768

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COUNTRY PROFILE : BHUTAN


Kingdom of Bhutan: A small kingdom under Indian protectorate, Bhutan chose to voluntarily limit the number of visitors. If the prices imposed by the government are high, this country has preserved its culture and its environment, and the services offered are still of good quality. Moreover, in this little Himalayan kingdom, we prefer to speak of BNB (Gross National Happiness) rather than GNP. One of the last Himalayan jewels for a cultural and comfortable trip or a trek supported in less frequented areas.

To see and do: Culture, Adventure, Trek

- Festivals of monastic dances where the whole population gather, great popular and religious celebrations which constitute the heart of the cultural life of the country.
- The Dzongs, Paro, Thimphu, Wangdipodrang, former warlike fortresses now become monastic and administrative centers with admirable architecture. The oldest are from the 16th century.
- The newly opened Tongsa Museum in an ancient fortress, small village monasteries and villages with traditional lauze houses.
- Trekking in unsurpassed areas, simple and affordable rides for all to the Snowman Trek that crosses the country from East to West in 23 days.

 Formalities: it is mandatory to go through the services of an agency to obtain the visa (deadline 3 weeks). No individual stays.
-Climate: Himalayan of the northern hemisphere, monsoon in summer, cold in December and January,
- Ideal period: September to November and March to May.
-Flying from Kathmandu, Delhi or Bangkok or road by the border in the region of Siliguri (North East India).

TO KNOW
- Population: 725,296 inhabitants
- Area: 47,000 km²
- Density: 15.4 hab / km²
- Capital: Thimphu
- Political Regime: Constitutional Monarchy
- Religions: Buddhism
- Ethnic group (s): Bothia, Sharkopa, Lhotsampa
- Language (s): Dzongkha
- Currency: Ngultrum
- Independence: September 21, 1971
- National Day: December 17 (institution of King Bop Choda in 1807)
- GDP per capita: $ 2,523
- HDI: 0.522
- Life expectancy at birth: 64 years
- Climate: Subtropical in the South; Temperate and Montagnard to the North.
- Highest Point: 7,553 m Gangkhar Puensum

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COUNTRY PROFILE : TIBET

Central Tibet: Despite the Chinese occupation, a trip to central Tibet remains an extraordinary experience that no one returns unchanged. You can take a comfortable cultural trip between Lhasa and Kathmandu to cross the Himalayan range, you can follow the pilgrims on the paths of Mount Kailash, approach the highest peaks in treks or ride a mountain bike or motorbike on the slopes frequented by tourists. nomads who, under their heavy black tents, guard their immense herds of horses and yaks.

To see and do: Culture, Adventure, Trek

- The Tibetan Plateau, the high road between Lhasa and Kathmandu and the hidden face of Everest (Base Camp),
- The great monastic institutions like the Potala, Drepung, Ganden, Samye, Gyantse, true cities which sheltered and still shelter to a lesser extent, thousands of monks.
- The fervor and the incredible smile of the Tibetan people encountered in the country markets, in the alleys of old Lhasa or in the intimacy of the temples.
- Mount Kailash, the sacred mountain, where thousands of Tibetan pilgrims travel each year and can be circumambulated in 3 days of exceptional trekking. To avoid the vehicles, one can reach the Kailash by Simikot in Nepal in 8 days of trek.
- A land of treks, adventure and expeditions on uncrowded paths, between heaven and earth.
- Train from China (Xining, Beijing, Chengdu) to Lhasa crossing the Tibetan highlands.

Formalities: A trip to Tibet can only be organized through an agency following a route defined in advance. Visas are obtained by us with a delay: 15 days
No individual stays.
Climate: Himalayan in the northern hemisphere, no or little monsoon.
Ideal period: from May to October
Flights from Kathmandu, Chengdu or train from Xining and Beijing.
High Lhasa Kathmandu remains one of the most beautiful adventure trips.

TO KNOW
- Population: 3,000,000
- Area: 2,500,000 km²
- Density: 1.2 hab / km²
- Capital: Lhasa
- Political regime: Under guardianship
- Religions: Buddhism
- Ethnic group (s): Tibetans, Mombas, Qiang, Lhombas
- Language (s): Tibetan
- Currency: Yuan
- Independence: Busy
- National Day: March 10 (uprising against China in 1959)
- Total GDP (in million): 7,600
- GDP per capita: $ 3,800
- HDI: 0.404
- Life expectancy at birth: 67 years
- Climate: High plateau
- Highest Point: 8,848 m Everest

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COUNTRY PROFILE : NORTH INDIA

Ladakh - Zanskar - Spiti: This region of northern India, long called Little Tibet, is beyond the Himalayan range: it is therefore little subject to the monsoon which makes it a beautiful summer destination. Accessible by road from Srinagar or Manali, it is also connected to Delhi by daily flights which allows to attend some religious festivals in the heart of winter. Despite the roads that are progressing, these three regions are worlds of trek, adventure and culture incomparable that offer a range of possible travel almost unlimited.

To see and do: Culture, Adventure, Trek

- Alchi, Tabo (XII century) World Cultural Heritage Sites and Centenary Monasteries that have preserved Tibetan culture, Hemis, Phyang, Zangla, etc. where monastic festivals take place in summer but also in winter (Stok, Mathog).
- Leh, on the Indus, this ancient capital on the Silk Road which has kept this special atmosphere descaravansérails of Central Asia that can be reached by crossing the great Himalayans by passes over 5000 m altitude .
- A land of adventure in the striking beauty of the Tibetan plateau: the Tsomoriri and Tsokar lakes, land of transhumant nomads for mountain bike rides or Royal Enfield, the high forgotten Zanskar valley to the tiny villages surrounded by stone walls,
- And of course the paradise of the trek, in all its forms, to connect by desert passes welcoming oasis villages where it is good to camp under the willows and apricot trees.
Formalities: Visa for India
No individual stays.
Climate: Himalayan continental of the northern hemisphere: cold in winter, hot in summer
Ideal period: June to September
Access: daily flights from Delhi or highways crossing the Himalayas of Manali or Srinagar, open in summer only.

TO KNOW
- Population: 1,220,800,300 inhabitants
- Area: 3,287,590 km²
- Density: 371.3hab / km²
- Capital: New Delhi
- Political regime: Federal Republic
- Religions: Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism ...
- Language (s): Hindi, English
- Currency: Rupee
- Independence: 1947
- National Day: August 15th (independence); January 26 (day of the republic); October 2 (Gandhi's birthday)
- Total GDP (in million): 1,843,000
- GDP per capita: $ 3,900
- HDI: 0.547
- Life expectancy at birth: 67 years
- Tropical climate
- Highest Point: 8598 (K2)

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